A Naturopathic Approach to Canine Arthritisby Dr. Jeannie Thomason
Arthritis (from Greek arthro-, joint + -itis, inflammation) is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation or an inflammatory response of one or more joints. Arthritis is not a single disease. Arthritis refers to a group of more than 100 rheumatic dis-eases and other conditions that can cause pain, stiffness and swelling in the joints.
Understanding the various causes of arthritis and possible remedies for relief will assist in enhancing your best friend’s quality of life.
Dogs can suffer from different kinds of arthritis; the most common form of arthritis in dogs is osteoarthritis or canine arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is a slow, progressive disintegration of cartilage in your dog joints is called osteoarthritis and is a chronic degenerative joint disease. When the cartilage of a joint is worn away the adjoining bones begin to rub against one another causing muscle discomfort and joint pain.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a collective term for many diseases. Infection or immune-mediated diseases can be localized or affect the entire body simultaneously. Resolving the infection or addressing the particular disease with naturopathic remedies may alleviate rheumatoid arthritis all together.
Conventional, veterinary medicine recommends non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) to reduce the pain associated with arthritis. However, the NSAID do not eliminate the causes of arthritis. NSAIDs, as with any drug, only mask and suppress the symptoms temporarily.
Researchers have recently found that dispensing NSAIDs for post soft tissue and bone repair surgeries are so dangerous that bone fracture surgical repairs are ending up with non unions, and ligament and tendon injuries upon which surgery was performed, have failed to heal. NSAIDS often result in liver damage; one popular veterinary dispensed NSAID in particular here in the U.S. has become well known for being the leading cause of liver failure.
Additionally, we are finding that all drugs lead to critical nutrient depletion and NSAIDS are no different; folic acid, iron, potassium, sodium, Vit C and Glutathione are all listed as nutrients that become depleted with the commonly prescribed NSAIDs.
Now, let’s take a holistic, naturopathic look and approach to this dis-ease.
A naturopathic approach takes the entire animal into account - body, mind and spirit. Unlike conventional/allopathic approaches that only work to suppress and mask symptoms - appearing to relieve the pain, naturopathy seeks for the root cause of the dis-ease and works naturally to eliminate the cause so that the symptoms will no longer return.
Naturopathy incorporates the laws of nature to support the body so it can bring itself back into balance and wellness. No doctor or veterinarian or even a naturopath can heal as the body has been divinely designed to heal itself! Naturopathy just works to spark and boost the innate immune system so it can do the work it was intended to do.
Major cause of Arthritis
Poor nutrition and toxin overload as well as aging can cause arthritis symptoms that have the ability to reduce the mobility and joint health of dogs, just as it does in humans.
With age, it is often the daily wear and-tear of joints that begins to destroy the cartilage, often causing osteoarthritis and eventually degenerative arthritis. What happens is that the aging process reduces cell stability and membrane strength, leading to free-radical production and injury susceptibility. Much of the pain associated with arthritis is due to swelling in the joint.
Poor or inadequate nutrition as well as illness, injuries and damage to body cells cause the release of compounds that cause inflammation, muscle spasms and pain. Some forms of arthritis in dogs are caused by a weakened immune system due to poor nutrition as a puppy. Your dog’s immune system can be kept in peak condition by providing raw and unprocessed food, avoidance of toxins, plenty of exercise, sunshine and clean water. Make sure your dog is not exposed to toxins such as household cleaning chemicals, pesticides, weed killers or chemicals found in flea collars and topical drops.
Processed and or cooked foods are extremely low and in most cases totally lacking in the amino acids, essential fatty acids, vitamins and trace minerals needed to grow and maintain healthy joints, let alone maintain health. Cooking also destroys any true live nutrients by cooking/processing at such high temperatures. Oh sure, they list almost every vitamin or mineral under the sun on the label but remember any nutrients listed these have all been added to the processed food and are from man-made synthetic sources.
Large-breed dogs and over-weight dogs usually have a higher-incidence of joint problems than other dogs do. However, just as with humans, there are considerable differences between individuals for arthritis susceptibility and the rate of arthritis progression.
Contrary to what many may think, exercise is vital for dogs with arthritis. It should start out as gentle exercise to get your dog’s joints moving and progressively increase it as the dog’s fitness levels rise.
Senior or older dogs (especially house bound or latch key dogs) that do not get regular exercise, plenty of fresh air and sunshine are more prone to arthritis.
We hate to see our dogs suffer in pain and they appear to be so uncomfortable that the thought of forcing them to play or go for a walk seems cruel to some of us. However, research has shown that exercise is an essential tool in managing arthritis and its pain!
Regular, consistent, moderate exercise offers a whole host of benefits to our companions with arthritis. Mainly, exercise reduces joint pain and stiffness by building strong muscle around the joints, and increasing flexibility and endurance. It reduces inflammation from arthritis and related conditions and reduces the risk of other chronic conditions. It also helps promote overall health and fitness by actually giving your dog more energy, helping him/her sleep better, controlling their weight and even helps to decrease lethargy and depression.
A dog with arthritic conditions can live a normal, healthy life and will better off out playing with a ball to keep their joints and muscles moving than lying around and having the muscles and joints atrophy and “freeze up” on them.
What About Supplements
Synthetic supplements simply do not contain true food factors, which provide nutrient intelligence.
The best supplements are naturally derived from whole food. Sufficient whole foods meet the body’s vital energy which is the first nutritional priority. The amount of available vital energy to the body physiology is crucial for maintaining the quality of health/life.
Most manufactured supplements are similar to refined foods – they are missing the life, the food factors needed for transportation and utilization within the body. Without these naturally occurring food factors the body must use vital energy reserves to convert synthetic or processed vitamins into usable form.
The benefits of providing nutrients in their natural state is that they don’t require any changes to be made in the body to convert them into acceptable structure to be digested and utilized, therefore saving vital energy.
When nutrients are whole, with naturally occurring, complete proteins and other phyto-nutrients, they are in a form that is readily recognized and used by the body.
Raw meat, bones and organs are chock full of LIVE, nutrition – vitamins, minerals, amino acids, etc. for our carnivore pets.
When pasture raised/grass fed animals are fed to our dogs in a whole or prey model fashion, very little supplementation is needed it is “all in there”:
Omega 3 Fatty Acids
Research shows that omega-3 fatty acids reduce inflammation and may help lower risk of chronic diseases such as arthritis, heart disease and even cancer. The best source of omega -3 fatty acids for our dogs is to feed pasture/grass fed or wild animals. If this is not possible then the next best thing would be wild salmon oil.
Raw meats and/or organs that supply a natural source of vitamins A, C and E which support immune function to defend against harmful bacteria, viruses and toxins, which otherwise could induce rheumatoid type arthritis.
Mineral status is also a key factor for determining a dog’s response to stress, injury, exercise and illness. The vitamins A, C and E are antioxidants to reduce tissue damage caused by free-radicals and other harmful compounds. Vitamin C is involved in the synthesis of collagen and connective tissue repair. Vitamin E blocks destructive enzymes that degrade cartilage.
I am always being asked what the best multivitamin supplement for arthritic dogs is. The answer is always so surprising for some reason – Organs! All animal organs are super nutrient dense foods for our carnivore companions.
Think about this – predatory animals instinctively eat the organ meats from their kill first, before moving to the muscle meats. What do they know instinctively? They know THAT’S where the highest nutrient density meal is located, and is best for them! We’re talking about the liver, kidneys, brain, pancreas, heart, spleen, etc.
Beef kidney contains an incredible nutritional profile (USDA %):
B-12 458 %
Vitamin A 28%
Vitamin C 16%
Beef Pancreas profile:
All other B-complex in significant amounts
Vitamin C 26%
Beef Liver Profile:
Vitamin A 431% (retinyl palmitate, beta carotene is not Vitamin A)
Vitamin D 30%
(Liver is also a very rich source of the following nutrients: Zinc, Manganese, Phosphorous, Folate, B-1, B-2, B-6, B-3, B-5 and Protein.)
Green Tripe contains the following minerals per 4 oz serving:
Zinc 1.6 mg
Fresh food diets that incorporate bone matter in the diet are supplying a large amount of natural glucosamine, chondroitin, collagen, and of course, calcium.
Bone is for calcium, cartilage is lubricating joints and interestingly, glucosamine is found in connective tissue, it is actually a structural component of connective tissue. So feeding bones and frames, is feeding a perfect skeletal package.
If the dog is older and missing too many teeth to handle whole bones, egg shells are a great source of calcium. More than 10 years of research have shown that eggshells are the ideal source of bio-available calcium (dense and well absorbed). Studies also showed accelerated healing when using eggshell for treating such orthopedic diseases as congenital dislocation of a hip or osteoporosis (softening of the bones).
There are 27 elements found in eggshells. Also the protein of a shell is composed of such essential amino acids as methionine, cysteine, lysine, isoleucine. Thus, properly prepared eggshells are the most balanced natural means to obtain calcium.
Tripe as mentioned above is an excellent organ to feed for calcium and other immune boosting minerals. It contains 78.0 mg of Calcium in a 4 oz serving and the calcium:phosphorus ratio of green tripe is near perfect (1:1) where as in raw muscle meat it is 1:6.
Collagen is the elastic protein that holds skin together. And as our pets age, the amount and quality of collagen in the body starts to diminish
Collagen is found in abundance in the joints and connective tissue of the body. In fact, collagen makes up 70 to 90% of our muscles, tendons, ligaments and other joint supporting tissues. As happens in the skin, when collagen breaks down in the body, the joints become less stable, the muscles and connective tissue loosen and become more brittle, and disorders such as arthritis, degenerative disc disease, tendonitis and overuse injuries begin to occur. (Please see the article on Collagen and Vaccines)
Chicken Cartilage is a source of Type II Collagen.
Gelatin, glucosamine sulphate, and chondroitin sulphate provide only Type I Collagen which does not work as effectively with immune-system-related and joint injury forms of arthritis.
When a specific joint has been traumatized through sports, accident, surgery, etc., a specific localized chronic joint problem may result which includes flaring up of rheumatism in the joint. This rheumatism is a body immune system complexity that blocks the bioabsorption of glucosamine sulphate and chondroitin sulphate and the joint repair benefits of Type I Collagen.
For reasons not yet defined, Type II Collagen found in Chicken Cartilage is able to bypass this immune system barrier and provide positive improvements in joint pain and functionality.
According to a study published in “Arthritis Research and Therapy” in 2009; patients with rheumatoid arthritis took 1mg per day of CCII for 24 weeks and they experienced significant reductions in pain, morning stiffness, swollen joint count, tender joint count and other indicators.
MSM or Methylsulfonylmethane is natural sulfur. It is the raw material used by the body to build healthy new cells pretty much everywhere but the highest concentrations are in the joints, skin, hair and nails. MSM makes the cells more permeable, (things can pass through) meaning nutrients in (good stuff) and the toxins (very bad) out. It is a essential nutrient that is responsible for the ability to repair or replace damaged tissue quickly.
As our pets bodies age (and our own for that matter), the body’s sulfur supply depletes because the manufacture process slows down and the result is seen in in joints stiffening up, inflammation, slow wound healing, brittle hair and nails, poor circulation, joint pain and skin problems. Older pets require more MSM. However, it has become increasingly more difficult to feed them enough MSM. Farming methods have changed the use of synthetic and chemical fertilizers on the grasses used to feed the animals we then feed to our pets have caused a depletion of most of the rich essential minerals that are needed for all round good health. If you have been feeding a cooked diet or worse yet a processed pet food, these vital nutrients and minerals have been destroyed or at the very least, weakened in potency.
MSM and sulfur can be found naturally in raw free range/pasture raised eggs, meat and poultry however, unless the dog has been on a sufficient raw diet for a long period of time already the amount of naturally occurring MSM and sulfur may not be enough to help repair or replace damaged tissue and remove inflammation. Supplementation may be necessary in these cases.
Glucosamine, which occurs naturally in the body, plays a key role in the construction of cartilage and it stimulates joint function, improves mobility and repairs, renews synovial fluid and relieves the pain of osteoarthritis.
Meats or supplements containing glucosamine sulphate or glucosamine hydrochloride (both commonly known as glucosamine for short) can be very helpful for dogs primarily where the joints are involved. Glucosamine is naturally present in animal bones and as a dietary supplement, it can help to promote new cartilage growth, relieve joints and muscle pain and improve joint mobility.
In a number of clinical studies, glucosamine has also been proven medically to be an effective alternative remedy in the treatment of both human and dog arthritis since there are no harmful side effects as compared to NSAIDS.
The connective tissue of animals, such as chicken marrow, and other animal materials, such as shell fish exoskeletons, all contain Glucosamine.
Bovine trachea and gullet are a natural source for chondroitin sulfate. Bovine tracheal cartilage has also shown success in helping to isolate cancers, tumors and other diseases by preventing their growth and spread
The green-lipped mussel is a shellfish from Australia and New Zealand. This mussel flesh is a good supplement as a source of chondroitin and other glycosaminoglycans. The glycosaminoglycans maintain and rebuild connective tissue such as cartilage, tendons and ligaments as well as reduce inflammation, which results in reduced joint pain and stiffness, less inflammation, and quicker recovery from exercise and injury.
For a list of naturally sourced supplements and dried organ blends approved by The Whole Dog, click >> HERE
Therapeutic Grade Essential Oils
Several therapeutic grade essential oils that play a major role in supporting, affecting and maintaining over-all wellness and specific body structures and functions.
Essential oils that are high in carvacrol, a phenol, have been found to suppress the COX-2 enzyme thereby easing pain. Examples of a few oils high in carvacrol are: Oregano, Thyme and Mountain Savory.There was a Japanese study published in the January 2010 in the Journal of Lipid Research which found that several essential oils suppressed the COX-2 enzyme by as much as 75 percent! COX-2 is an enzyme responsible for inflammation and pain. Thyme essential oil ranked number one out of six different oils tested. But there are over 50 different oils that show natural COX-2 suppressive properties! http://www.jlr.org/cgi/content/abstract/51/1/132
*Please Note: I personally only use and refer to the use of Young Living Essential oils due to their being certified Grade A, therapeutic/medical grade oils being so pure and safe they can be ingested!
Arthritis does not have to be the depressing diagnosis we dread hearing and we surely can do so much naturally and holistically to eliminate it and its effects on our dogs.
To order Young Living Essential oils, you must be a member.
While membership is free for retail orders, for a one-time fee of as little as $45.00 you can sign up as a distributor and take advantage of wholesale pricing. You will never be under obligation to promote or sell the oils unless you want to!
For more information and to sign up, click HERE. If you have any problems at all signing up, please let me know, I would be more than happy to help you with the process if you need it.
If you would like to set up a consultation for an individualized wellness and lifestyle assessment of your dog, please be sure to visit the consultation page or check out our new, online Total Wellness For Pets Program
THE INFORMATION PRESENTED ABOVE IS NOT TO DIAGNOSE OR PRESCRIBE. THIS INFORMATION IS EDUCATIONAL AND GIVES ALTERNATIVE OPTIONS AND THINGS TO TRY. RESULTS WILL VARY; EACH ANIMAL IS UNIQUE, JUST AS PEOPLE ARE. YOU CAN USE THESE RECOMMENDATIONS IN CONJUNCTION WITH YOUR VETERINARY TREATMENT. THE GOAL IS TO FIND NATURAL HEALTHY SOLUTIONS FOR YOUR PET!
Copyright 2014 This article is the sole property of Dr.Jeanette (Jeannie) Thomason and The Whole(Wholistic) Dog. It cannot be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the expressed written consent of the author.